Colon cancer treatment India
Cancer treatment in India is now available at best cancer hospitals in India with IndiCure at most affordable prices. Not only these hospitals have the state of the art technology, IndiCure's panel of doctors are trained at best medical schools in the world and are highly experienced. Colon cancer treatment in India with these experienced surgeons assures you of best medical treatment at a cost you can afford.
Colon is a 6 feet long tube like organ, a very important part of the digestive tract that connects the small intestine to the rectum. Colon and rectum together comprise the large intestine, that is primarily meant for the storage and managing the waste products generated by the body. Colon also helps in absorption of the water from the food.
Cancer that begins in the colon or rectum is termed as colon cancer, rectal cancer or colorectal cancer. Mostly colon cancers are adenocarcinomas which start when mutation takes place in the lining of the wall of the colon or rectum. The cancer usually begins with the formation of polyps often called as adenoma in the intestine. Polyps are the abnormal growth of tissue that become precancerous initially and then become cancerous.
Any change in the bowel habits like diarrhoea, constipation and change in stool consistency, rectal bleeding or blood in the stool, gases, abdominal pain and discomfort are some of the symptoms of the colon cancer which develops at the later stage and can go unnoticed in the earlier stage.For preventing further spread of the disease and plan the appropriate treatment regime to cure cancer, staging the cancer is important. The colon cancer can be staged as;
Stage I: Cancer has begun but confined to the inner wall lining of the colon.
Stage II: Cancer has spread to the organs adjacent to the colon or rectum but has not invaded the lymph nodes.
Stage III: Cancer has invaded the lymph nodes but has not spread to distant organs of the body
Stage IV: Cancer has spread to lymph nodes and is carried to the distant organs through the lymphatic system. Lungs and liver are the common organs to get affected first.
Cause of Colon cancer
It is difficult to pin point the exact cause of Colon cancer. But the factors that increase the risk of developing colon cancer are;
- Advancing age.
- Race: African and American have greater possibility of colon cancer
- History of adenomatous polyps
- Inflammation of the intestine as in ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease
- Genetic inheritance
- Any family history of colon cancer or polyps
- Dietary habits that includes intake of low fibre and high fat diet.
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Smoking, alcoholism, diabetes
- Overweight and obesity
- Exposure to radiation therapy
Surgery aims at removing the colon or rectum or a part of it affected by the cancer, with or without the adjacent lymph nodes using one of following approaches. The type of surgery depends on the type, size, location and the extent of the cancer spread.
- Polypectomy: Polypectomy involves removal of the polyps which are small adenomatous growth that are present in the inner lining of the wall of colon. They are removed using colonoscopy.
- Colectomy: Colectomy involves removing the part or whole of the colon with the cancer and some of the surrounding tissue. This can be done in two ways:
- Traditional open colectomy: involves removal of the part or whole of the colon through single large incision in the abdomen.
- Laparoscopic colectomy: most commonly used procedure in which colectomy is done through multiple small incisions of about 5-10mm size using laparoscope and specialized laparoscopic surgical instruments.
- Chemotherapy: involves giving medicines either intravenously or orally to attack and kill the cancerous cells. This therapy can be used before the surgery in order to shrink the size of the tumour or after the surgery to eliminate the cancer cells, if left any. Chemotherapy is also given to slow down the advancing cancer and to relieve the symptoms in case of extensive cancer.
- Radiation therapy:involves delivery of high powered energy beam like protons or X-rays to specifically target cancer cells without or minimally affecting the normal healthy cells of the body. It can be used in combination with chemotherapy either before or after the surgery, or may be used for relieving the symptoms associated with cancer if the cancer is extensive and cure is not possible.
If you are suffering from any of the above mentioned symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately who would advise tests to confirm the diagnosis. If you are diagnosed with colon cancer, you need to start the treatment immediately.
Surgery is often the treatment of choice to cure most of the colon cancers.
Colectomy or the colon resection surgery is performed using minimally invasive, that is, laparoscopic approach. It can be done using traditional method but due the advantages of less pain, less invasive, less recovery time, shorter hospital stay, less trauma and injury to the surrounding tissues and less scarring, laparoscopic approach is the choice of surgery for most of the patients.
This is done under general anaesthesia and the whole procedure takes around 1-2 hour to complete.
During the procedure, 4-5 small incisions of 5-10mm are made in the abdomen to insert the laparoscope, which is a thin tube with little video camera attached that enables the surgeon to view inside the abdomen on the monitor.
The surgeon then inserts the laparoscopic surgical instrument via another incision and excises the cancerous part of the colon along with the nearby lymph nodes and removes it from body. He then attaches back the healthy ends of the colon and sutures the incision on the abdomen.
After the surgery, the patient is moved to the recovery where he shall be kept under observation. One may experience pain and discomfort, which is relieved with medicines. The patient is given fluids to recover well. One can expect return to normal activities after 3-4 weeks of the surgery as body needs time for recovering from the stress of the surgery. One should restrict lifting heavy objects. Walking should be encouraged.
The results of colon surgery depend on the stage of pancreas cancer. If detected early, there is a good chance of complete recovery.
If only surgery for treatment of colon cancer is required, one would need around 2 weeks for colon cancer surgery in India. But if chemotherapy and radiotherapy or other means of treatment are also required, the patient would need few weeks for colon cancer treatment in India.
Cost of radiotherapy for cancer in India
At IndiCure we recognize the significance of excellent health and well-being of our guests and hence our objective is to provide best treatment for colon cancer in India at honest affordable prices. A preferred association with best cancer hospitals in India and top surgeons in India helps us advise:
- The best colon cancer treatment in India
- The most affordable cost radiotherapy for cancer in India
The cost of radiotherapy for cancer in India varies with the type of procedure chosen, your medical condition, facility and the city where you choose to get the treatment done.
An individually allocated case manager takes personalized interest to design a tailor made treatment plan for every guest and will provide with a specific time and cost of radiotherapy for cancer in India.
Medical history and diagnostic reports may be sent to email@example.com for an early response from the case managers.
We encourage you to educate yourself about colon cancer treatment in India, benefits from the right kind of procedure and then make an informed decision.
IndiCure thus invites you for a free consultation with chosen best cancer hospital in India and top surgeons for colon cancer treatment in India and assures you hassle free arrangements for examinations, procedures, recovery, travel and stay in India.
You can be rest assured that with IndiCure's expertise, we bring in a wonderful experience of medical tourism in India, which we have been doing so for almost a decade now.