Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the success rate of aortic valve replacement surgery?
The 5-year survival rate for aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery is 94%. This means 94 out of 100 people who underwent AVR surgery could live at least 5 years.
|Heart valve replacement surgery||5-year survival rate||10-year survival rate|
|Aortic valve replacement surgery||94%||84%|
|Mitral valve replacement surgery||64%||37%|
|Pulmonary valve replacement surgery||96%||93%|
|Tricuspid valve replacement surgery||79%||49%|
Survival rates for heart valve replacement surgery are often used as predictors of how long patients can live beyond a certain number of years (5 years, 10 years) after the surgery. However, these may vary for you depending on your age, your overall health, and the current status of your heart function.
2. How serious is replacing aortic valve?
Aortic valve replacement is a serious procedure with potentially catastrophic complications. The chance of dying as a result of the procedure is believed to be between 1 and 2 percent. However, this risk is much smaller than the risk of not treating severe aortic disease.
3. What determines whether I need aortic valve repair or replacement?
Many factors influence whether an aortic valve should be repaired or replaced, including:
- Your aortic valve disease's severity
- Your general health and age
- Whether you require further heart surgery, such as heart bypass surgery to treat coronary artery disease, in addition to aortic valve disease, so that both conditions can be addressed at the same time.
In general, heart valve repair is preferred over valve replacement because it lowers the risk of infection, retains valve strength and function, and eliminates the need for lifelong blood-thinning drugs, which may be required with some forms of valve replacement. Depending on the severity of the illness, patients with a hole in the valve's closing flaps (perforated valve leaflet) may be candidates for aortic valve repair rather than replacement.
Most valves, on the other hand, cannot be repaired, and heart valve repair surgery is generally more difficult than valve replacement surgery. Your best decision will be determined by your unique circumstances as well as the knowledge and experience of your medical team.