Lungs cancer treatment in India
The picture of surgical landscape has changed vividly over past few decades. Advances in the field of minimally invasive surgery aims at delivering quality surgical results without large incisions and without the risk of injury to the surrounding structures that typically happens in traditional surgeries. Lungs cancer treatment in India at any stage particularly in early stage (stage I, II) and even stage III is more successful as minimally invasive surgery is done through VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) that provides many advantages for the patient suffering from lung cancer.
Cancer happens when the cells in a part of the body grow abnormally faster and in uncontrolled manner due to mutation in the DNA of the cells. Similarly cancer in the lungs happens when the cancer cells invades the lungs and destroy the healthy cells of the lungs thereby hindering the normal functions of the lung. Cancer in lungs may take several years to develop.
At times, these cancer cells may spread to affect other parts of the body through metastasis.The lungs cancer often go unnoticed in early stages as it hardly produces any symptoms. The advanced cancer may show up symptoms like blood in the cough, persistent cough, chest pain, hoarseness in the voice, recurrent chest infection etc. There are two main types of lungs cancer;
- Small cell lung cancer (SCLC): Small cell lung cancer starts in the air tubes that advances to the bronchi and affect the lung tissue. It produces large tumours that can spread faster to other parts. This is usually seen in chronic and life time smokers. It has two sub-types;
- Small cell carcinoma (oat cell carcinoma) is most common.
- Combined cell carcinoma
- Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Makes up 85% of all the lung cancer which are slow growing and larger and has following types;
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Large cell carcinoma
The staging of the lung cancer is essential in order to know the extent of the spread of disease and make the treatment plan accordingly. The lung cancer is thus staged as:
Localized: cancer is confined to lungs
Regional: cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the chest
Distant: cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Following are the risk factors that are responsible for developing the lung cancer.
- Age: It has been observed that lung cancer mostly affects the older adults.
- Smoking: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer. Tobacco contains several chemicals like carbon monoxide that are carcinogenic in nature which immediately trigger changes in your lung tissue. The longer you smoke tobacco, more are the chances of getting lung cancer.
- Genetic inheritance: If any of your immediate family member has had lung cancer, then the risk is higher that you may acquire the disease.
- Exposure to carcinogens like asbestos, radon, arsenic, coal products, diesel exhaust, mustard gas etc. are likely to trigger the development of lung cancer over a period.
- Past medical history of lung disease like TB, COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
- Exposure to ionising radiation
Treating lung cancer is very challenging. To regulate the survival rates, it is essential to know the stage of the disease. The treatment for the lung cancer can either be curative in which the interventions are done to control the growth of the cancer, or it can be palliative, which aims to improve the quality of life by managing pain and associated symptoms.
- Surgery: Surgery to treat lung cancer is considered as the gold standard which is performed to excise the cancerous tumour and the surrounding lung tissue in order to cure the patients when the disease is particularly localized. Initially, only traditional open surgeries were performed for resection of the tumour. The recent advances in the surgical procedure has made minimally invasive surgery the primary option for surgical resection of lung cancer. The following procedures are now being performed by the surgeons using VATS that is video assisted thoracic surgery and robotic surgery as well.
- Wedge resection or segmental resection: done to remove only the small part of the diseased lung.
- Lobectomy: most commonly performed to remove the lobe of your lung if the cancer in extensive.
- Pneumonectomy: to remove the entire lung if the cancer has invaded all the lobes.
These procedures are done using minimally invasive VATS technology that involves insertion of thin tube that is attached to the thorascope (camera) and the specialized small surgical instruments to carry out the required surgery. The thorascope provides images on the monitor using which the surgeon removes the tissue with more ease and precision.
- Chemotherapy: It comprises of specialized drugs that destroy the growing cancer cells. The drug may be injected intravenously or can be taken orally in the form of pills.
- Radiation therapy: This uses high powered energy beams like X-ray or protons to kill the cancerous cells. It can either be use as a sole treatment or can be combined with the chemotherapy with or without the surgery. Following radiation therapy most of the patients are relieved from the pain, obstruction in the airways, shortness of breath etc. It can be done using ,
- External radiation or
- Brachytherapy (internal radiation)
- Radiosurgery: The new innovation in radiation therapy is radiosurgery, which is used in very limited patients where tumours are small but undergoing surgery may prove harmful. In such cases, surgery is done using radiosurgery, in which high doses of radiation that are focused precisely on targeted cells in the lungs to kill the cancer cells without harming the nearby tissues.
If you are suffering from any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should see a doctor immediately who would advise you various tests for correct diagnosis. If you are diagnosed with lungs cancer, the treatment should be started immediately.
Surgery is indicated in most of the cases of lungs cancer. Depending on the size, location and extent of spread of the tumour, either wedge/ segmental resection, lobectomy or Pneumonectomy procedure is performed to excise the tumour and tissues surrounding it. These procedure are now being performed using the minimally invasive VATS approach.
The surgery is done under general anaesthesia. Surgeon makes several 2-4cms small incisions on the chest between the ribs. Using the thorascope (camera) that is put inside the chest cavity, the surgeon evaluates the cancerous lung tissue by looking on the images on the monitor from the camera. After evaluating with the help of specialized surgical instruments that have been put inside through one of the incisions, the surgeon transects and removes the required amount of tissue from the lung.Advantages of VATS or Minimally invasive surgery:
- Less pain after the operation,
- Better immune system response
- Better chance of breathing normally and
- Better quality of life.
Recovery after the surgery to a large extent depends on the type of surgery performed. After minimally invasive procedure, the patient can be discharged after 3-4 of the surgery and can resume work and normal activities within 4-5 weeks after the surgery.
One can experience improvement in quality of life after undergoing the treatment. Moreover, minimally invasive surgery helps patient lead life with less pain after the surgery, better immunity and better chance of normal breathing and comparatively less time of recovery.
The time required for lungs cancer treatment in India depends upon the stage of cancer. If only surgery is required, the patient would need 2-3 weeks for lungs cancer treatment in India. However, if radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also required, several weeks may be required.
Chemotherapy Cost in India
At IndiCure, we recognize the significance of excellent health and well-being of our guests and hence our objective is to provide best lung cancer treatment in India at honest affordable prices. A preferred association with best hospital for lung cancer treatment in India and top surgeons in India helps us advise:
- Best lung cancer treatment in India
- Most affordable cost of lung cancer treatment in India
The cost of chemotherapy in India depends upon various factors such as the patient's medical condition, city and the facility where you choose to get the procedure done.
An individually allocated case manager takes personalized interest to design a tailor made treatment plan for every guest and will provide with a specific time and cost of chemotherapy in India.
Medical history and diagnostic reports may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org for an early response from the case managers.
We encourage you to educate yourself about lung cancer treatment in India, benefits from the right kind of procedure and then make an informed decision.
IndiCure thus invites you for a free consultation with chosen best hospital for lung cancer treatment in India and top surgeons for lung cancer in India and assures you hassle free arrangements for examinations, procedures, recovery, travel and stay in India.
You can be rest assured that with IndiCure's expertise, we bring in a wonderful experience of medical tourism in India, which we have been doing so for almost a decade now.