Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India
Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery is a technique sensitive surgery which is now possible in India at a fraction of cost as compared to that in the western countries. With advancing age, a huge percentage of population gets affected by knee problems like knee pain and discomfort due to arthritis. Our panel of top orthopaedic surgeons operate at best orthopaedic surgery hospitals in India while offering orthopaedic surgery at most affordable cost.
Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery is a modification of the traditional knee replacement surgery. These modifications are meant to reduce the tissue trauma during the surgery. The main purpose of minimally invasive knee replacement is to relieve pain, improve quality of life and maintain or improve knee function with an advantage of reduced post-operative complications and speedy recovery.
This technique also called quadriceps-sparing knee replacement, uses an incision that is typically only 3-4" in length and the recovery time is much quicker, often permitting patients to walk with a cane as early as third day of the surgery.
The benefits with minimally invasive knee replacement over traditional surgery are:
Faster recovery of the knee functions
Smaller incision thus less discomfort and after surgery
Shorter hospital stay owing to overall speedy recovery and rehabilitation
Decreased blood loss and post-operative pain
Same reliable surgical implants as Traditional Knee Replacement.
Causes of knee pain
The most common cause for knee pain and limitation in mobility is arthritis. There are 3 kinds of arthritis:
- Osteoarthritis is the most common and an age-related disease causing wear and tear of knee joint. It usually occurs over 50 years of age, where the cartilage cushioning the joints wear away and bones soften causing easier and faster attrition of bone. The most symptoms are pain, stiffness and swelling.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammatory arthritis where the synovial membrane surrounding the joints gets inflamed and thick. This in turn damages the cartilage and the underlying bone causing pain, stiffness, swelling and deformity.
- Post-traumatic arthritisis caused due to serious knee injury. Fractures and ligament tears can damage the articular cartilage causing knee pain and limited motion.
The goal of knee replacement is to relieve pain, improve quality of life, and maintain or improve knee function.
Treatment alternatives to knee replacement include:
- Nonsurgical treatment for osteoarthritis/arthritis include:
- Physical therapy
- Analgesics and anti-inflammatory medications and suitable drugs in cases of infections of the joints
- Knee bracing or shoe inserts which help in knee alignment and balancing of weight on the knee joints.
- Visco supplementation injections for lubricating the joint to make the joint movement less painful.
- Surgical alternatives include:
- Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure where small incisions are done to repair the damage with arthroscopy.
- Osteotomy is a surgical procedure where the involved leg bone is cut, realigned, and allowed to heal. It is useful for patients older than 60 with inflammatory arthritis.
- Partial knee replacement involves replacing only the part of the knee joint that is damaged or arthritic.
- Traditional total knee replacement that involves the conventional knee joint replacement
- Minimally Invasive knee replacement including both total and partial knee replacement.
A person, whose knee structure is stable with no severe bone loss, is not overweight and if no previous knee replacement has been done, he or she is a suitable candidate for minimally invasive knee replacement surgery. This procedure cannot be performed on the patient who had already underwent the knee replacement surgery before.
Unlike traditional procedure, minimally invasive knee replacement is less invasive and performed using smaller incision of 4-6 inch. The artificial implants used are same as used in traditional replacement.
This technique is less invasive with less damage and disruption of the adjacent tissues that results in reduced post-operative pain, minimal scarring and early and speedy recovery.
Types of approaches used in minimally invasive knee replacement include;
Quadriceps sparing approach
It is less invasive technique and also called as subvastus approach. As the name implies, it spares the quadriceps muscle from being cut and thus eliminate the risk of trauma and injury to the thigh muscle. A 3 to 4 inch of small incision is made and the knee joint is entered by cutting the fibrous layer of the tissue, upper in the thigh that is attached to the quadriceps muscle called as retinaculum. The quadriceps muscle is then lifted away from the way instead of cutting it to proceed and insert the replacement implant in place.
Using special instruments, the bone is prepared for implant. As there is little or no damage to the quadriceps muscle, this approach fastens the rehabilitation process making it easier for the patient to resume walking even earlier with reduced pain and minimal scarring.
Lateral Approach Knee Replacement
This procedure involves entering the knee joint from the lateral part. The incision is made on the lateral side of knee joint, and hence the knee cap and corresponding muscles are not manipulated. This approach eliminates the chances of muscle injury and improves the knee cap mechanism. However, this is a rarely used technique.
The results of the surgery are quite gratifying. You can lead a normal healthy life and perform all your daily activities without the pain and discomfort you had before the surgery.
The recovery after minimally invasive knee replacement is relatively faster as compared to traditional knee replacement surgery. A hospital stay of 3-4 days is required and the patient is able to resume his daily activities within ten days. More rigorous activities are resumed after about 4-5 weeks of the surgery.
Time and Cost
A stay of 3-4 days at the hospital followed by a week's stay in India is enough for you to recuperate and fly back to your country after minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India.
Cost of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India
At IndiCure, we recognize the significance of excellent health and well-being of our guests and hence our objective is to provide best minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India at affordable prices. A preferred association with best orthopaedic hospitals in India and top orthopaedic surgeons in India helps us advise:
- Best minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India
- Most affordable cost of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India
The cost of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India varies with the type of implant, surgeon, facility and the city where you choose to get the surgery done. The cost of minimally invasive knee replacement in India starts from around USD 5,000 and varies with various factors.
An individually allocated case manager takes personalized interest to design a tailor made treatment plan for every guest and will provide with a specific time and cost of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India.
Medical history and diagnostic reports may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org for an early response from the case managers.
We encourage you to educate yourself about orthopaedic surgery in India, benefits from the right kind of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery in India and then make an informed decision.
IndiCure thus invites you for a free consultation with chosen best orthopaedic hospitals in India and top orthopaedic surgeons in India and assures you hassle free arrangements for examinations, procedures, recovery, travel and stay in India.
You can be rest assured that with IndiCure's expertise, we bring in a wonderful experience of medical tourism in India, which we have been doing so for almost a decade now.