Liver transplant in India
Organ transplant laws in India are very strict, prohibiting any commercial transaction for liver transplant. Organ transplant law in India allows only blood relatives to donate liver to the patient. A special permission from the Govt. of India is to be taken if an unrelated person wants to donate a part of his or her liver to the patient. There should be absolutely no commercial transaction involved between the donor and the recipient for liver transplant in India. If the proposed donor or the recipient or both are foreigners and are seeking liver transplant operation in India, a senior Embassy official of the country of origin or the government of the country concerned (authenticated by the Embassy concerned in India) has to certify the relationship between the donor and the recipient.
There is a long waiting time for liver from dead or cadavers, so foreigners usually never get cadaveric donations if they wish to undergo cadaveric liver transplant in India.
IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT INDICURE DOES NOT ARRANGE DONORS. THE DONOR FOR LIVER TRANSPLANT HAS TO BE A CLOSE RELATIVE OF THE PATIENT (SIBLING/ PARENTS/ CHILDREN/SPOUSE). IN CASE THE DONOR IS NOT A CLOSE RELATIVE, GOVERNMENT PERMISSION IS REQUIRED AND IS GIVEN ONLY IF IT IS ESTABLISHED THAT THERE IS NO COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION INVOLVED BETWEEN THE DONOR AND THE RECIPIENT.Steps for Liver Transplant surgery in India
- Identify donor from your country- preferably a close relative
- Investigate donor- patient compatibility in your country. If it is not available, get it done in a country closest to you else, or you may have to come to India for investigations.
- When the compatibility is confirmed, both the patient and the donor shall be investigated for operability.
- Livers transplant in India will happen after the above confirmations and completion of documents related to liver transplant operation in India.
Liver is one of the most vital and largest organs of the human body that serves as the powerhouse of energy as it produces:
- Glucose which is the basic sugar and source of energy
- Proteins which are the building blocks essential for growth
- Bile, a fluid stored in the gall bladder that is necessary for absorption of the fats and vitamins
- Blood clotting factors that aids in healing wounds
Being the largest organ of the human body, it is ideal for storage of essential substances like vitamins and minerals. It metabolizes and detoxifies the substances ingested by the body. Moreover, it also acts as a filter that removes impurities from the blood.
Liver transplantation is a complex and major surgical procedure which is done to replace the damaged or diseased liver with the healthy and normally functioning liver taken from the donor. Liver transplant is the second most commonly performed transplantation in the world after kidney transplant. It is indicated when the liver fails to perform its normal functions due to severe damage to the liver leading to is failure.
There are two types of liver transplant:
- Deceased liver donation: involves transplantation of liver that has been taken from the person who died recently.
- Living donor liver transplant: a section of liver is removed from the living donor and transplanted to the patient. As the liver has a tendency to regenerate itself, both the transplanted and the remaining part of the donor's liver can re-grow into the normal sized liver.
The liver transplant is the option left when all other lifestyle modifications and treatments have not prevented liver failure. Liver failure however, can happen slowly known as chronic liver failure or can happen suddenly called as acute liver failure.
Regardless of the type, liver failure can occur due to multiple causes but the most common cause for liver transplant is the liver cirrhosis which is characterised my chronic scarring of the liver mostly due to hepatitis virus infection or chronic alcohol abuse.
Several other common conditions for liver transplant are;
- Bile duct disease like biliary duct atresia
- Chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection
- Excessive iron in the body i.e. hemochromatosis
- Genetic disease like Wilson's disease
- Fatty liver disease
- Primary or early stage liver cancer
- Autoimmune liver disease
- Alcoholic liver disease.
If the patient is suffering from a liver failure but his heart, lungs, kidneys and immune system are strong enough to cope up with the surgery, if he is mentally and emotionally stable, if the patient has family and friends who can take care of the patient before and after the surgery and if a cadaveric or a living donor is available, the patient is considered good for the liver transplant.
Before the transplant surgery, both the patient and the donor are assessed and made to undergo to battery of tests to ensure that the donor is healthy enough to survive the surgery. The test includes blood testing and matching to check the compatibility. Various other tests and investigations includes EKG, Echo, Chest X-ray, Abdominal CT scan, CT Cholangiogram, physical assessment by a physician, hepatologist and psychological tests.Liver transplant surgery with living donor:
Liver transplant surgery is a major surgical procedure done under general anaesthesia and takes about 12 hours to complete.
The donor is operated first to remove either the left or right lobe of his liver. Once the donor liver is removed, the surgeon prepares for the transplant of the liver in the patient body.
For this, the surgeon makes an incision on the upper right part of abdomen in order to access the liver. The surgeon then cuts the essential blood vessels along with the bile ducts and removes the diseased liver. The failed and diseased liver is then replaced by the healthy liver from the donor and the blood vessels and biliary ducts are connected to the transplanted liver lobe. After complete transplant, the surgeon closes the incisions and the patient is shifted to ICU for recovery.
One can expect gratifying results after liver transplant surgery. Most of the patients resume their regular lifestyle after 6 months of successful liver transplant. If supplemented with healthy diet, regular exercise and medication, one can lead a healthy and active life after liver transplant.
After the surgery, the patient is moved to intensive care unit (ICU) for 5-6 days, after which he is shifted to the transplant care unit/room where he would stay for another 3 weeks. It is normal to experience some pain and discomfort which shall be controlled with medications. The doctor will keep a check for any signs of bleeding, infections or liver rejection. The patient is prescribed medicines to suppress immune system so that the body does not reject the new liver.
Recovery after liver transplant is very slow and long process that aims at steadily building the patient's health and fitness. It may take 6 months to resume normal daily activities.
Time and Cost
One needs to stay in ICU for a week after the surgery and another 3 weeks in transplant care unit following which the patient is discharged from the hospital. However, donor will stay at the hospital for about a week.
One needs to come to India about 2 weeks prior the surgery for pre-operative assessment and stay for around 6-8 weeks post discharge. So a total of about 10-12 weeks are required for you to recover well after liver transplant surgery in India.
Cost of liver transplant in India
At IndiCure, we recognize the significance of excellent health and well-being of our guests and hence our objective is to provide best liver transplant in India at honest affordable prices. A preferred association with best hospitals for liver transplant in India and top surgeons for liver transplant in India helps us advise
- Best liver transplant in India
- Most affordable cost of liver transplant in India
The liver transplant cost in India varies with the patient's medical condition, surgeon, facility and the city where you choose to get the surgery done.
The cost of liver transplant in India starts from around USD 40,000 and varies with various factors.
An individually allocated case manager takes personalized interest to design a tailor made treatment plan for every guest and will provide with a specific time and liver transplant cost in India.
Medical history and diagnostic reports may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org for an early response from the case managers.
We encourage you to educate yourself about liver transplant in India, benefits from the right kind of procedure and then make an informed decision.
IndiCure thus invites you for a free consultation with chosen best liver transplant hospitals in India and top liver transplant surgeons in India and assures you hassle free arrangements for examinations, procedures, recovery, travel and stay in India.
You can be rest assured that with IndiCure's expertise, we bring in a wonderful experience of medical tourism in India , which we have been doing so for almost a decade now.